MINI

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About the MINI
Adult Versions of the MINI
About the MINI Kid
Child / Adolescent Versions of the MINI
License Agreements for Use of Any MINI
Training for the MINI / MINI Kid
Translations and Linguistic Validation of the MINI / MINI Kid
How to Cite the MINI


 

About the MINI

The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was designed as a brief structured diagnostic interview for the major psychiatric disorders in DSM-III-R, DSM-IV and DSM-5 and ICD-10.  Validation and reliability studies have been done comparing the MINI to the SCID-P for DSM-III-R and the CIDI (a structured interview developed by the World Health Organization).  The results of these studies show that the MINI has similar reliability and validity properties to both these instruments, but can be administered in a much shorter period of time (mean 18.7 ± 11.6 minutes, median 15 minutes) than the above referenced instruments.  Clinicians can use it after a brief training session.  Lay interviewers require more extensive training.  The MINI has been translated into over 70 languages.

The standard MINI assesses the 17 most common disorders in mental health.  The disorders investigated are the most important to identify in clinical and research settings.  The disorders were selected based on current prevalence rates of 0.5% or higher in the general population in epidemiology studies.  In the interest of brevity, it uses branching tree logic.

There are several versions of the MINI available.  The standard version of the MINI meets most needs, most of the time, in both clinical and research settings.  The non-standard versions are mainly for use in settings where more detail is needed for some disorders, that are not captured in the standard version.  Each of those versions is described below.

The flow chart (click here) helps guide you in choosing which version of the MINI is more likely to meet your needs.

For any scientific questions relating to the MINI, contact David V Sheehan MD MBA directly by email at: davidvsheehan@gmail.com

 


 

Adult Versions of the MINI

The standard MINI assesses the 17 most common disorders in mental health.  The disorders investigated are the most important to identify in clinical and research settings.

To view a copy of the standard MINI (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the standard MINI (click here)

 

The MINI Screen uses only the screening questions in each module of the MINI.  A negative response to the screening questions usually means it is unlikely the patient has a major psychiatric disorder.  A positive response to any questions in the MINI Screen prompts the clinician to ask additional questions using the standard MINI.  The MINI screen is on 2 pages.

To view a copy of the MINI Screen (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Screen (click here)

 

The MINI for Psychotic Disorders Studies has a more detailed set of questions for each of the 9 Psychotic Disorders than the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Psychotic Disorders are a focus of interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different psychotic disorders (e.g. schizophrenia vs schizoaffective disorder).  The standard MINI does assess both Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features and Bipolar I Disorder with Psychotic Features.  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Psychotic Disorders Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI for Psychotic Disorders Studies (click here)

 

The MINI for Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Studies has a more detailed set of questions on Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder than the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder is a focus of interest in adults.  Otherwise all the modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI for Attention – Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Studies (click here)

 

The MINI for Eating Disorders Studies has a more detailed set of questions on eating disorders than the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where eating disorders are a focus of interest.  Otherwise all the modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Eating Disorder Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Eating Disorder Studies (click here)

 

The MINI with Tobacco Use Disorder Module has a more detailed set of questions on Tobacco Use Disorder than the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Tobacco Use Disorder is a focus of interest.  Otherwise all the modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI with Tobacco Use Disorder Module (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI with Tobacco Use Disorder Module (click here)

 

The MINI for Suicidality Disorders Studies has a detailed set of questions / modules on each of the 12 Suicidality Disorders phenotypes.  It has more detailed modules on each of the Suicidality Disorder phenotypes beyond the questions assessing overall suicidality in the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Suicidality Disorders phenotyping are a focus of interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different suicidality disorders phenotypes (e.g. Impulse Attack Suicidality Disorder vs. Psychotic Suicidality Disorder vs. Mood Disorder Induced Suicidality Disorder).  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Suicidality Disorders Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI for Suicidality Disorders Studies (click here)

 

The MINI for Psychotic and Suicidality Disorders Studies has a more detailed set of questions for each of the 9 Psychotic Disorders than the standard MINI.  It also has detailed modules on each of the Suicidality Disorder phenotypes beyond the questions assessing overall suicidality in the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where both Psychotic Disorders and Suicidality Disorders phenotypes are of special interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different psychotic disorders (e.g. schizophrenia vs schizoaffective disorder).  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Psychotic and Suicidality Disorders Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Psychotic and Suicidality Disorders Studies (click here)

 

The MINI for Psychotic Disorder Studies with Eating Disorders in Remission has a more detailed set of questions for each of the 9 Psychotic Disorders than the standard MINI.  It also has detailed modules on each of the Eating Disorders and documents whether the eating disorder is in remission and to what extent.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where both Psychotic Disorders and Eating Disorders are of special interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different psychotic disorders (e.g. schizophrenia vs schizoaffective disorder).  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI.

To view a copy of the MINI for Psychotic Disorders Studies with Eating Disorders in Remission (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI for Psychotic Disorders Studies with Eating Disorders in Remission (click here)

 

The MINI Tracking converts the binary responses (Yes / No) of the MINI modules into dimensional response options (none / mild / moderate / very / extreme) for each symptom / criterion.  If for example, a patient’s symptoms meet criteria for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and for no other disorder at baseline visit, the patient’s response to treatment can then be monitored on the single Major Depressive Episode module in the MINI Tracking over the course of treatment.  In general, we recommend tracking at least the primary disorder noted in the MINI over the course of treatment.  Each of the MINI Tracking’s modules yields a score that can be plotted quantitatively to monitor treatment response over time.  This permits one stop shopping in having one instrument (MINI tracking) to both assess and quantitatively monitor the response to treatment.

To view a copy of the MINI Tracking (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Tracking (click here)

 

The Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) Subtypes is a group of 6 optional modules.  Each assesses a different MDD subtype (e.g. MDD with Melancholic Features, MDD with Mixed Features, MDD with Anxious Distress, MDD with Catatonic Features, MDD with Atypical Features) and a module for Persistent Depressive Disorder.

To view a copy of the Major Depressive Disorder Subtypes for the MINI (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the Major Depressive Disorder Subtypes for the MINI (click here)

 

The MINI Plus 7 has all the modules from all the MINI versions in one place.   It includes 48 disorders, many subtypes of each, with lifetime, current and even past timeframes, in addition to subtypes and specifiers of many disorders.  It is a collection of modules with more detail, more subtypes and more modules for more disorders than the standard MINI.  It is not intended for use in its entirety in a clinical research study or in any one clinical setting.  Any one of the MINI Plus modules can be either substituted for its standard MINI counterpart or added to the standard MINI 7.

To view a copy of the MINI Plus (coming soon)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Plus (coming soon)


 

About the MINI Kid

The standard MINI Kid assesses the 30 most common and clinically relevant disorders or disorder subtypes in pediatric mental health.  There are several versions available of the MINI Kid, each described below.  The standard version of the MINI Kid meets most needs, most of the time in both clinical and research settings.  The non-standard versions are mainly for use in settings where more detail is needed for some disorders, that are not captured in the standard version or when input from the parent or guardian is required.  Each of those versions is described below.  We recommend using the standard child version.  With this version the child and parent are interviewed together.  The question is directed to the child.  The parent is asked to remain silent and not to respond unless the parent believes it is clear that the child has provided inaccurate information.  The clinician then triangulates the discussion between child, parent and clinician, to get the most accurate assessment, and records the responses accordingly.  Using the parent version is not usually necessary, nor is it time and cost efficient most of the time.  But this decision needs to be made by the on-site clinician to meet the needs of each family.  Like the adult MINI, it uses branching tree logic in the interest of brevity.

The flow chart (click here) helps guide you in choosing which version of the MINI Kid is more likely to meet your needs.

For licensing or permissions of the paper based or pdf versions of any of the MINIs, or for any scientific questions relating to the MINI or MIN Kid, contact David V Sheehan MD MBA directly by email at: davidvsheehan@gmail.com

 


 

Child / Adolescent Versions of the MINI

The standard MINI Kid assesses the 30 most common and clinically relevant disorders or disorder subtypes in pediatric mental health.  The standard version of the MINI Kid meets most needs, most of the time in both clinical and research settings.

The MINI Kid Parent Version is used to interview the parent alone.  It assesses all the same disorders as assessed by the standard MINI Kid.

To view a copy of the standard MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the standard MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version (click here)

 

The MINI Kid Screen uses only the screening questions in each module of the MINI Kid.  A negative response to the screening questions usually means it is unlikely the patient has the disorder.  A positive response to questions on any questions in the MINI Kid Screen should prompt the clinician to ask additional questions using the standard MINI Kid.  The MINI Kid Screen is on 4 pages.

To view a copy of the MINI Kid Screen (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the standard MINI Kid Screen (click here)

 

The MINI Kid for Psychotic Disorders Studies has a more detailed set of questions for each of the 9 Psychotic Disorders than the standard MINI Kid.   It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Psychotic Disorders are a focus of interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different psychotic disorders (e.g. schizophrenia vs schizoaffective disorder).  The standard MINI Kid does assess both Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features and Bipolar I Disorder with Psychotic Features.  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI Kid.

The MINI Kid Parent Version for Psychotic Disorders Studies is used to interview the parent alone.  It assesses all the same disorders as assessed by the MINI Kid for Psychotic Disorders Studies.   

To view a copy of the MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version for Psychotic Disorders Studies (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version for Psychotic Disorders Studies (click here)

 

The MINI Kid with Tobacco Use Disorder Module has a more detailed set of questions on Tobacco use disorder than the standard MINI Kid.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Tobacco Use disorder is a focus of interest.  Otherwise all the modules are similar to the standard MINI Kid.

The MINI Kid Parent with Tobacco Use Disorder Module is used to interview the parent alone.

To view a copy of the MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version with Tobacco Use Disorder Module (click here)

To purchase and download a copy of the standard MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version with Tobacco Use Disorder Module (click here)

 

The MINI Kid for Suicidality Disorders Studies has a detailed set of questions / modules on each of the 12 Suicidality Disorders phenotypes.  It has more detailed modules on each of the Suicidality Disorder phenotypes beyond the questions assessing overall suicidality in the standard MINI.  It is suitable for clinical and research settings where Suicidality Disorders phenotyping are a focus of interest and where it is important to differentiate between the different suicidality disorders phenotypes (e.g. Impulse Attack Suicidality Disorder vs. Psychotic Suicidality Disorder vs. Mood Disorder Induced Suicidality Disorder).  Otherwise all the other modules are similar to the standard MINI Kid.

The MINI Kid Parent for Suicidality Disorders Studies Version is used to interview the parent alone.  It assesses all the same disorders as assessed by the MINI Kid for Suicidality Disorders Studies.

To view a copy of the MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version for Suicidality Disorders Studies (coming soon)

To purchase and download a copy of the MINI Kid or / and the MINI Kid Parent Version for Suicidality Disorders Studies (coming soon)

 

The MINI Kid Tracking converts the binary responses (Yes / No) of the MINI Kid modules into dimensional response options (none / mild / moderate / very / extreme) for each symptom / criterion.  If for example, a patient’s symptoms meet criteria for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and for no other disorder at baseline visit, the patient’s response to treatment can then be monitored on the single Major Depressive Episode module in the MINI Tracking over the course of treatment.  In general, we recommend tracking at least the primary disorder noted in the MINI over the course of treatment.  Each of the MINI Tracking’s modules yields a score that can be plotted quantitatively to monitor treatment response over time.  This permits one stop shopping in having one instrument (MINI Kid Tracking) to both assess and quantitatively monitor the response to treatment.

To view a copy of the standard MINI Kid Tracking

To purchase and download a copy of the standard MINI Kid Tracking

 


 

 

License Agreements for Use of Any MINI

License Agreements for the Use Any Adult MINI

To license any version of the Adult MINI for Use in a Study or for a Healthcare System:

  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants >$50,000 or for a Pharmaceutical Company – There is a charge of $10 per single administration (not per patient enrolled). The amount is payable in full before study initiation.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants <$50,000 – The MINI is available free of charge to undergraduate and graduate students and for academic colleagues for educational use and for use in a small study with less than $50,000 funding as long as it is properly cited and proper copyright attribution is given on any study documents.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Healthcare System – There is a charge of $10 per single administration (not per patient). The amount is payable in full before use.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To LicenseComputerized / Electronic / Mobile or Tablet App Version for Use – contact akozsuch@nviewhealth.com

 

License Agreements for the Use of Any MINI Kid

To license any version of the MINI Kid for Use in a Study or for a Healthcare System:

  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants >$50,000 or for a Pharmaceutical Company – There is a charge of $10 per single administration (not per patient enrolled). The amount is payable in full before study initiation.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants <$50,000 – The MINI Kid is available free of charge to undergraduate and graduate students and for academic colleagues for educational use and for use in a small study with less than $50,000 funding as long as it is properly cited and proper copyright attribution is given on any study documents.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Healthcare System – There is a charge of $10 per single administration (not per patient). The amount is payable in full before use.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To LicenseComputerized / Electronic / Mobile or Tablet App Version for Use – contact akozsuch@nviewhealth.com

 

License Agreements for the Use of Any MINI Screen

To license any version of the MINI Screen for Use in a Study or for a Healthcare System:

  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants >$50,000 or for a Pharmaceutical Company – There is a charge of $1 per single administration (not per patient enrolled). The amount is payable in full before study initiation.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Research Study with Grants <$50,000 – The MINI Screen is available free of charge to undergraduate and graduate students and for academic colleagues for educational use and for use in a small study with less than $50,000 funding as long as it is properly cited and proper copyright attribution is given on any study documents.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To License the Paper / PDF Version for Use in a Healthcare System – There is a charge of $1 per single administration (not per patient). The amount is payable in full before use.  (click here to download this license agreement)
  • To LicenseComputerized / Electronic / Mobile or Tablet App Version for Use – contact akozsuch@nviewhealth.com

 


 

Training for the MINI / MINI Kid

For information about training on the MINI, please contact: davidvsheehan@gmail.com

 


 

Translations and Linguistic Validation of the MINI / MINI Kid

Mapi (http://www.mapigroup.com) is the official translation and linguistic validation service for all variants of the MINI.

MAPI Language Services is the exclusive coordinating center to ensure the production of consistent and conceptually equivalent translations of the MINI and to provide linguistic validation and certification of these translations and should be contacted directly for this purpose.  MAPI Language Services may charge its own usual fees for this work.

Marie-Sidonie Edieux

MAPI Research Trust

27 Rue de la Villette

69003 Lyon France

PROinformation@mapigroup.com

tel: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 67

fax: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 68/ :+33 (0)4 72 13 69 50

 


How to Cite the MINI

Use the following citations in referencing the Adult MINI (in order of priority):

  1. Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Harnett-Sheehan K, Amorim P, Janavs J, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Baker R, Dunbar G: The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): The Development and Validation of a Structured Diagnostic Psychiatric Interview. J. Clin Psychiatry, 1998;59(suppl 20): 22-33. http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/1998/v59s20/v59s2005.aspx
  1. Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Harnett-Sheehan K, Janavs J, Weiller E, Bonara LI, Keskiner A, Schinka J, Knapp E, Sheehan MF, Dunbar GC. Reliability and Validity of the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): According to the SCID-P. European Psychiatry. 1997; 12:232-241. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(97)83297-X
  1. Lecrubier Y, Sheehan D, Weiller E, Amorim P, Bonora I, Sheehan K, Janavs J, Dunbar G. The MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.) A Short Diagnostic Structured Interview: Reliability and Validity According to the CIDI. European Psychiatry. 1997; 12: 224-231. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(97)83296-8
  1. Amorim P, Lecrubier Y, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Sheehan D: DSM-III-R Psychotic Disorders: procedural validity of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.). Concordance and causes for discordance with the CIDI. European Psychiatry.  1998; 13:26-34. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(97)86748-X

 

Use the following citation in referencing the MINI Kid:

  1. Sheehan DV, Sheehan KH, Shytle RD, Janavs J, Bannon Y, Rogers JE, Milo KM, Stock SL, Wilkinson B. Reliability and Validity of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI–KID). J Clin Psychiatry; 2010;71(3):313-326.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/JCP.09m05305whi

 

The MINI has been cited in over 14,000 publications.