Linguistic Validation of the Pediatric Versions of the Sheehan Suicidality Tracking Scale (S-STS)
by Darlene M. Amado, BA; Darlene A. Beamon, BSE, MA; and David V. Sheehan, MD, MBA
Mrs. Amado is with the University of South Florida College of Public Health and the University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida; Mrs. Beamon is with the Springfield Public School System, Springfield, Massachusetts; and Dr. Sheehan is Distinguished University Health Professor Emeritus at the University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida.
Objective: The United States Food and Drug Administration meta-analysis of registration trials of antidepressants
found that emergent suicidality under the age of 25 years increases with decreasing age. This led to boxed warnings for antidepressants and the recommendation for careful assessment and monitoring of suicidality in children and adolescents. To address this need, we describe the development of a pediatric suicidality assessment and tracking scale and a novel, empirically based approach to its age-appropriate linguistic validation.
Method: Starting with the adult version of the Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale, we collaborated with reading specialists who use the sight word lists of Dolch and Fry and the grade level vocabulary lists of Beck, Farr, and Strickland to adapt the adult version to each age group.
Results: Our approach resulted in the development and documentation of a process for linguistically validating three age-appropriate pediatric versions of the Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale from the adult version of the scale: one for 6- to 8-year-olds, a second for 9- to 12-year-olds, and a third for 13- to 17-year-olds.
Conclusion: Further reliability and cognitive debriefing studies are needed in diverse demographic, ethnic, and
cultural groups to make the pediatric versions of the Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale more reliable, more generalizable, and more useful.
Keywords: Suicide, pediatric suicide, linguistic validation in children, pediatric validation, suicidality, suicide in children, pediatric suicide scale, suicide scale, suicide risk, suicide risk in children, adolescent suicide, S-STS
How to Cite this Article
Amado, D. M., Beamon, D. A., & Sheehan, D. V. (2014). Linguistic Validation of the Pediatric Versions of the Sheehan Suicidality Tracking Scale (S-STS). Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 11(9-10), 141. PDF: http://innovationscns.epubxp.com/i/425963/140